The (non)disclosure of energy efficiency the case of cooling technologies across Africa

The (non)disclosure of energy efficiency: the case of cooling technologies across Africa

Quelles transformations pour l’atténuation du changement climatique ? Des trajectoires d’émissions mondiales à la trajectoire française

Abstract

The adoption of air conditioning (AC) could grow exponentially across Africa under the joint effect of acute warming, sustained income growth, and rapid urbanization. The implications for greenhouse gas emissions will crucially depend on the energy efficiency of the models adopted. Little is known, however, about how energy efficiency information is conveyed to consumers in these markets. To fill this gap, we gathered data on cooling appliances characteristics from Africa’s largest e-commerce platform, serving 13 countries — Algeria, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Morocco, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Tunisia, and Uganda. We find that less than 10% of the AC models available on the marketplace (N = 1229) have information disclosed about their energy performance. Information disclosure appears to be highly idiosyncratic with weak strategic motives. This overall lack of information about energy efficiency represents an important challenge for enforcing energy performance standards and steering demand toward energy-efficient cooling appliances.

Citation: Aja P-R., Giraudet L-G., Houde S. (2024) The (non)disclosure of energy efficiency: the case of cooling technologies across Africa, Climate Change Economics, Vol.15, N°02

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