- Economy-Energy-Climate modeling (IMACLIM-R model)
- Sobriety and post-growth scenarios
Analyse macroéconomique de scenarios de post-croissance
The thesis project is based on the observation that existing global climate transition scenarios are difficult to reconcile with the principle of strong sustainability. Indeed, existing scenarios attempt to reconcile continued economic growth in all countries of the world with carbon neutrality, thanks to strong decoupling and primarily technological solutions. The sustainability of these scenarios has been called into question, notably because of their implications in terms of North-South inequalities, resource consumption and increased risks for biodiversity. Some of the literature advocates the exploration of alternative post-growth climate scenarios as a basis for strong sustainability. These scenarios mobilize sobriety (‘sufficiency’) and post-growth in Northern countries and sustainable endogenous development in Southern countries.
The aim of the thesis is to explore such scenarios in terms of their energy (energy production/consumption structures) and macroeconomic (income, employment, international trade, etc.) dimensions, with particular emphasis on North-South dynamics. The quantitative assessment will be based in particular on the IMACLIM-R World macroeconomic model, which combines multi-regional and multi-sector macroeconomic simulation with technical details on energy. Several specific aspects will be explored: comparison of North-South trajectories and economic and energy inequalities, effects of structural change in Northern countries in a context of sobriety, impacts on international trade and development trajectories in Southern countries, etc.