Pollution along the Process of Economic Growth: A Theoretical Reappraisal
Camille Jahel (TETIS)
The acceleration of environmental changes calls for an urgent need to better integrate nature into land use decisions, especially in places undergoing rapid land degradation. The challenge is to reverse the depletion of natural resources while improving population well-being. This is critical in Africa where rural populations are highly dependent on their natural capital. Since the 1980s, several territories in Africa have initiated changes to reverse land degradation. This study aims at drawing lessons from these experiences. We identified seventeen cases of African territories that have engaged in sustainability interventions with varying degrees of success. The key factors – grouped as information of key actors, their motivation to change practices, and their capacity to do so – that are recognized as success factors or obstacles for interventions toward sustainable resource use were analyzed. Results highlighted the importance of maintaining a balance of factors over the long term. Managing sustainability transitions in low-income contexts requires integrating poverty-related concerns, mitigating the risks inherent to any change in practices, creating incentives for participation by all actors, and strengthening coalitions over the long term between actors around a sustainability agenda.