Ecosystem services and social equity: Who controls, who benefits and who loses?
Vallet, A., Locatelli, B., Pramova, E.
Ecosystems of living organisms and abiotic components produce ecosystem services through a complex web of relationships. But there are also ‘management ecosystems’, which are networks of stakeholders involved in the production and delivery of ecosystem services benefits through both competition and cooperation. As in any ecosystem, each entity affects and is affected by the others in a constantly evolving relationship.